Liverpool Firsts and Facts about our City

 Liverpool City Group
  past and present


Liverpool Firsts and Facts.

432 St Patrick is said to have sailed from the River Mersey on his mission to Ireland

1007 First mention of the River Mersey, in a deed from the reign of Ethelread II, the name is old English from Maere, meaning boundary

1166 First mention of Liverpool, in a deed of the Earl of Mortain, later King John

1207 King John signed a Letters Patent, often mistakenly referred to as a Royal Charter, creating the borough of Liverpool, on Tuesday 28th August 1207

1232 Liverpool Castle was probably built between 1232 and 1237 at Castle Street and demolished between 1709 and 1725

1272 First census, population 840

1282 First Mersey ferry, established by monks at Birkenhead Priory

1350 St Nicholas' Church is given permission to form a cemetary around its base. St Nicholas is the patron Saint of mariners

1351 First recorded mayor, William, son of Adam

1406 The Tower of Liverpool, at the bottom of Water Street, was fortified and, amongst other things, was used as the town jail. It was demolished in 1819 to widen Water Street

1426 Records show that Toxteth Park was well stocked with deer and as late as 1780 - 90, there were still farms of over fifty acres in the neighbourhood

1515 Liverpool’s first Town Hall built

1522 First grammar school (founded by John Crosse of Crosse-Hall)

1524 Sir William Molyneux of Sefton erected a tithe-barn on Moore Street which quickly became known as Tithebarn Street. The barn stood on the south side of Tithebarn Street, near the corner of Dig Lane, now called Cheapside

1561 A house in Castle Street could be rented for an annual rent of £4

1571 The cattle markets were established in Chapel Street

1580 Liverpool’s first Town Council formed

1588 Captain Humphrey Brook of Liverpool, outward bound to the Canaries, first saw the Spanish Armada. Realising its mission, he raced back to Plymouth and raised the alarm

1635 The Council took care of the Old Fall Well which was situated on the corner of St John's Lane and Roe Street. By 1797 Liverpool has grown so much that 41 water carts are employed selling and delivering water

1639 Jeremiah Horrocks of Toxteth: the first observation of the transit of Venus

1643 The 1st of 3 sieges of Liverpool by Prince Rupert took place in May

1644 The 2nd of 3 sieges of Liverpool by Prince Rupert took place in June

1644 The 3rd of 3 sieges of Liverpool by Prince Rupert took place in September

1644 Prince Rupert's Cottage, so called because he resided there for a few days during the siege of Liverpool, was on the east side of Everton Village Green

1647 Liverpool was made a free and independent port, no longer subject to Chester

1648 The first recorded cargo from America lands in Liverpool

1650 The council passed an order creating Liverpool’s fire brigade: “That the bailiffs cause leather buckets and four or six hooks to be made for pulling down any house being on fire – which God defend”

1673 Sir John Crosse lives in a fine mansion in Dale Street. This is the family who founded the 1st free grammar school in Liverpool and after whom Crosshall Street is named

1673 The 2nd Liverpool Town Hall was built on the site of the High Cross at High Street in front of the original town hall

1679 Liverpool's mayor founds the first charity for sailors

1700 St Peter's church was erected in Church Street which remained unpaved until 1760 and unflagged until 1816

1700 Liverpool’s population 5,714.

1700 The first recorded Liverpool slave ship, the 'Liverpool Merchant', sold a cargo of 220 slaves in Barbados

1704 The Crown gave permission to build St George's Church on the site of the castle in Castle Street. It wasn't opened until 1834

1708 The first reference to scouse (by Ned Ward in The Wooden World Dissected)

1709 First dock in the world was constructed in Liverpool

1709 First cargo of cotton traded in Liverpool

1712 - Liverpool's first newspaper, the Liverpool Courant, is published

1715 Steer's Old Dock in Canning Place is the world’s first enclosed wet dock controlled by floodgates

1725 - John Chadwick drew up the first surveyed map of Liverpool, for which he was rewarded by a grant of £6 from the Town Council. This map shows thirty-seven streets in existence

1753 Growth of Liverpool. in this year there were 3,700 houses and 20,000 inhabitants. Seven years later, in 1760, there were 4,200 houses and 25,000 inhabitants

1754 Liverpool’s third Town Hall built, designed by John Wood the Elder of Bath

1756 - Liverpool's second newspaper, the Williamson's Advertiser, is published on 28th May

1758 Building of the Lyceum, the first circulating library

1759 Molly Bushell first made and sold her toffee from her home on Everton Brow

1759 A French ship menaced Liverpool causing the people of the town to build a battery next to St Nicholas' Church. It was armed with 14 good guns

1763 The first lighthouses to use parabolic mirrors are built by Liverpool's dock Master at Hoylake and Bidston

1766 Two stage coaches per day operate between Liverpool and London taking 3 days in winter and 2 in summer

1769 Joseph Williamson, 1769-1841, famous for digging and excavating a network of tunnels eminating from Edge Hill

1770 Work begins on the Leeds-Liverpool canal, the longest and highest in Britain, finished in 1816

1770 The cotton trade began with America. The imports being three bags from New York, four bags from Virginia and Maryland, and three barrels from North Carolina

1770 St. Anne’s Church on St. Anne Street. The first use of iron columns to hold up balconies.

1770 Anfield was originally known as Hangfield

1772 The theatre Royal was opened in Williamson Square

1773 In Liverpool there were 5928 inhabited houses, 412 uninhabited houses, with a population of 34,407

1774 Matthew Dobson, a Liverpool physician, discovered the link between suger and diabetes

1775 The White House and Ranelagh Tea Gardens were situated where the Adelphi Hotel now stands

1776 The World First Lifeboat Station at Formby Point

1778 The Dispensary was established in North John Street for the poor of the parish. It was moved to Church Street in 1782

1780 The stocks, used for punishment, were situated on Church Street opposite the Blue Coat School

1780 The ducking post, used for punishment, was situated on a pond, called The Flashes, at the top of Marybone near Vauxhall Road

1780 There was an infirmary on the top of Shaws Brow, where St Georges Hall now stands

1780 Brownlow Hill was so called after Mr Lawrence Brownlow, a gentleman who owned much property there

1780 Mount Pleasant was originally known as Martindales Hill and was quite a country walk at this time

1780 Richmond Row was named after the esteemed and respected Dr Sylvester Richmond and housed the kennels of the Liverpool Hunt Club

1780 Bold Street was named after the Bold family, who possessed property in it. Late in the eighteenth century there was still a dairy farm in the street, and a well of good water

1785 Islington was known as Folly Lane, an area of farmland and countryside which was being developed with Norton Street and Stafford Street being formed. There was a smithy and forge in Stafford Street

1786 Great Howard Street houses the first purpose built prison

1790 At this time Rose Hill near Scotland Road was in the suburbs and considered very fashionable

1790 World's first American consul, James Maury, is posted to Liverpool

1791 The first school for the blind opens in London-road, at the corner of Hotham-street

1792 A new street was being laid out by Lord Molyneux. It was called Lord Street

1792 At the north end of Castle Street, and the west end of Dale Street, the Fair of Liverpool used to be held

1793 Liverpool becomes the first and only municipality with the right to issue its own money

1793 An order was made by the Council to build St Lukes Church on Berry Street. The foundation stone wasn't laid until 1811 and work started, stopped and restarted until final completion in 1831

1794 Messrs. Abbey and Graham purchased a small copper works and converted them into a pottery. The Herculaneum China Ware Manufactory continued until 1833. In 1864, the site was utilized for the Herculaneum Dock

1795 Liverpool Town Hall severely damaged by fire, reconstructed by James Wyatt

1795 Liverpool has had 4 town halls, all built at the same location in Juggler Street which was later changed to High Street. The current building was completed between 1795 and 1820

1796 Captain John MacIver, of the brig 'Swallow', was given a 'letter of Marque', a licence to plunder enemy ships of the realm. He was the uncle of David MacIver, one of the founders of the Cunard Line

1797 The Liverpool Athenaeum founded. In 1799 it was opened in Church Street as a centre of literary activity in Liverpool

1800 Liverpool’s population reaches 77,708

1803 Liverpool Underwriter's Association is the world's first

1803 The Lyceum News Room was erected on the site of a timber-yard in Bold Street at a cost of £11,000

1808 The Corn Exchange was opened in Brunswick Street at a cost of £10,000

1810 On a Sunday morning, 15 minutes before the service was due to start, the tower at Our Lady and St Nicholas church gave way and the spire crashed into the body of the church, killing 25 children and a bell ringer

1812 The only assassination of a British Prime Minister. Spencer Percival was shot by bankrupt Liverpool merchant John Bellingham

1812 Britain’s first balloon ascent by J Sadler of Liverpool. In 1824, he was ‘thrown out of his balloon near Blackburn, which caused his death’

1813 Liverpool’s first outdoor public sculpture (Nelson Monument in Exchange Flags), first paid for by public subscription.

1814 St George's, in Everton, is the world's first all cast iron framed church

1817 Gas was introduced to the town of Liverpool and used to light the street lamps much more effectively than the original oil lamps

1817 The Royal Institution, Colquitt Street was opened in a house purchased from Thomas Parr which, together with alterations, cost £14,000

1819 The Tower of Liverpool was demolished so that Water Street could be widened

1820 The whole of the land from Everton Village to Brunswick Road was pasture land

1820 At this time, Low Hill was a rough, sandy lane with a large house near the West Derby Road, 2 low cottages opposite Phythian Street and a public house on the corner of the Prescot Road

1821 The population of Liverpool was 118,972. The total number of houses occupied were 19,007

1822 St. John's Market was constructed in Great Charlotte Street

1822 Early Liverpool Humour? Roger James, who founded James Street, was described by Sir Edward Moore, at one time the largest property owner in Liverpool, as 'a very honest man, and a good woman to his wife

1822 James Muspratt opens an alkali works in Vauxhall - the origins of ICI

1823 First mechanics lending library is opened

1824 Castle Street and Lord Street were lighted by gas for the first time, and the lighting gradually spread to the whole town

1825 World's first school for deaf people

1826 The Amphitheatre was opened in Great Charlotte Street. It was erected for equestrian and dramatic exhibitions and had extensive stabling for the large stud of horses

1827 The Bank of England decided to open a branch in Liverpool, and purchased for the purpose the house built between the year 1730- 1740 by Thomas Steers, the engineer who constructed the old dock

1829 Two pillars, called respectively the North and South Bootle Landmarks, were erected in Bootle Bay to enable mariners entering the river to take their bearings, and they stood on what is now the site of the Alexandra Dock

1829 St James's Cemetery was consecrated at St. James's Mount and has become additionally important since it has been selected as the site for the Liverpool Cathedral

1830 World's first inter-city passenger railway line built by Liverpool & Manchester Railway Company

1830 World's first tunnel bored under a Metropolis. The Wapping Tunnel from Edge Hill to the south end docks.

1830 The world's first train shed and large wooden station roof are built at Crown Street station

1830 At the opening of the Manchester and Liverpool Railway, the local MP, William Huskisson fell under a train and was the first railway fatality

1830 The first public train ran from Liverpool to Manchester on September 16, 1830, carrying 130 passengers, and accomplished the journey of 31 miles in one hour and fifty minutes

1830 A small wooden theatre, known as Holloway’s Sans Pareil, in Great Charlotte Street had pantomimes at Christmas. It charged 3d in the pit and 6d in the gallery

1831 The population had grown to 165,221

1831 Joseph Williamson, 1769-1841, famous for digging and excavating a network of tunnels eminating from Edge Hill, gave sufficient stone to build St Judes church, Hardwick Street

1835 The Liverpool Institute grew out of the old Mechanics' Institute, which, commencing in School Lane, was moved to the Union News Rooms, Slater Street. Then land was purchased in Mount Street, and the foundation stone of the new building was laid by Lord Brougham, on July 20

1836 Whilst boring a tunnel from Edge Hill to Lime Street station, workmen were astonished to find the earth giving way under their feet as Joseph Williamson's men were digging their own tunnel underneath

1836 A tunnel bored from Edge Hill to Lime Street station. The tunnel was made into a large open cutting in the 1880s, however one very small section still remains and is the oldest tunnel in use in the world under streets.

1836 Edge Hill station was moved from the head of the Wapping Tunnel at Edge Hill to the head of the Lime Street Tunnel. Today it is the world's oldest used station.

1836 Liverpool City Police force is formed

1837 Liverpool starts Britain's first chess club

1838 The foundation stone was laid for St George's Hall which was opened in 1854

1838 Built in Liverpool, the paddle steamer 'Royal William' was the first to cross the Atlantic to New York, under continuous steam. The passage, with 32 passengers, took 19 days and 14 and a half days to return. She was sold in 1880, for £11

1838 The first travelling Post Office operates between Liverpool and Birmingham

1839 Laird’s shipyard built the world’s first screw propelled steamer, Robert F. Stockton, a 63ft tug for use on North American waterways.

1839 The start of the world’s greatest steeple chase at Aintree race course

1840 The foundation stone was laid for the Liverpool College on Shaw Street which was opened in 1843

1840 The pig market was transferred from Rumford Place to Great Howard Street

1840 Cunard's wooden paddle-steamer Britannia is the first scheduled transatlantic passenger service

1840 Liverpool appoints Britain's first borough engineer

1840 Welsh National Eisteddfod held in Liverpool (and in 1851, 1884, 1900 and 1929)

1841 Brunswick Buildings: the first purpose-built office block

1841 The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (later RSPCA) is founded

1842 First public baths and wash-houses, founded by Kitty Wilkinson, in Upper Frederick St.

1844 Blackburne House is the first girl's day grammar school in England

1844 Thomas Fresh appointed Liverpool's first public health officer

1845 Liverpool is the destination of the first package tour organised by Thomas Cook of Leicester

1845 Liverpool is the subject of the first holiday brochure written by Thomas Cook for the Leicester to Liverpool railway package tour (15 shillings 75p, 1st class, 10 shillings 50p, 2nd class)

1846 Albert Dock opened by Prince Albert, now the country’s largest group of Grade 1 listed buildings

1847 The population now numbers 340,000, exclusive of the large numbers residing in the suburbs of Toxteth, Wavertree, West Derby, Everton, Bootle, and many other districts immediately beyond the township boundary

1847 The ships entering the port number 21,000 per annum, and their tonnage exceeds 3,000,000

1847 Most of the windmills, still valuable property, are in use, but the stage-coaches, with their bustle, excitement, and triumphant horns, are gone. The railway has come and the age of steam has arrived, and the water of the Mersey is daily beaten into foam by many paddle-boats

1847 The world’s first purpose designed and built public park, Birkenhead Park. (Central Park in New York is based on it)

1847 Dr William Duncan becomes the world's first Medical Officer of Health

1847 Liverpool appoints Britain's first borough engineer

1848 - Liverpool Borough Engineer implements the first integrated sewerage system in the world

1848 First British trades council. Liverpool Trades Guardian Association

1848 Albert Dock is the first non-combustible warehousing system in the world

1848 Albert Dock is the world's first warehouses to use hydraulic hoists.

1848 St. Georges Hall has the world's first ever air-conditioning system.

1848 Lime Street Station has the world's largest single span roof.

1850 Liverpool is the first borough to start a library committee

1850 Royal Liver Friendly Society (a burial club) formed, it later became a major insurance company that built the Royal Liver Buildings

1851 The first provincial Children's Hospital opens in the city (Upper Hill Street)

1852 The number of docks becomes 24, and their acreage, including quays, is 200, in addition to which there are 15 graving docks. Modern Liverpool is at hand, and its population is as energetic and confident as at any other period

1856 The Birkenhead Dock Company, unable to work the docks profitably, transferred ownership to the Corporation of Liverpool who, by Act of Parliament, the following year transferred ownership to The Mersey Docks and Harbour Board

1856 The 21 ton Horsfall Gun - the largest in the world - is built at the Mersey Forge in Sefton Street; it could fire a 300lb cannon ball five miles

1857 The value of exports in the UK amounted to £110 million, £55 million of which passed through Liverpool

1857 On average every 16 years, from 1749 to 1857, Liverpool doubled the tonnage that entered the port. 1749 - 28,250 tons, 1764 - 56,499, 1780 - 112,000, 1796 - 224,000, 1811 - 611,190, 1827 - 1,225,313, 1841 - 2,425,461, 1857 - 4,645,362

1857 Liverpool Rugby Club is the world's first rugby club.

1857 World’s largest water works to supply Liverpool with water at Rivington Pike, piping water 27 miles.

1858 The world's first steel ship, the Ma Roberts, built for Dr. Livingstone's African exploration by the Laird shipyard.

1859 The first nurse paid to look after the poor (employed by William Rathbone)

1859 The first tramway in the UK, was opened at Liverpool Docks.

1860 Picton Library was Britain's first purpose built public library

1860 The world’s first ‘street tramway’ ran from Woodside to Birkenhead Park

1860 Britain's first ecumenical missionary conference was held in Liverpool

1861 A gun made by the Liverpool firm Fawcett and Preston, fires the first shot of the American Civil War

1862 Pedestrian safety islands in the middle of streets were first introduced in Liverpool

1862 First provincial school of nursing set up in Liverpool

1862 Laird shipyard build the American Confederate CSS Alabama commerce raider. This ship sunk 65 ships with a predominately Liverpool crew. A total never been equalled by any ship since

1862 The Jones Quiggin shipyard built the first steel ship to cross the Atlantic, the Banshee. Built for the Confederate states of America as a fast blockade runner

1864 The first slum clearance scheme gives the Medical Officer power to demolish unsafe and unfit buildings

1864 Oriel Chambers, Water Street, is the world's first metal framed glass curtain walled building. Designed by architect Peter Ellis, it comprises 43,000 sq ft (4,000 m2) set over five floors

1865 The last act of the American Civil War was the surrender to the Mayor of Liverpool of the Confederate ship Shenandoah, by her captain James Waddell, at the Town Hall

1865 The last official lowering of the American Confederate flag was in the River Mersey when the CSS Shenandoah was handed over to Captain Paynter of the Royal Navy.

1866 Liverpool carried out and financed the first ever Atlantic telegraph cable

1867 Britain's first steamroller is bought by Liverpool

1867 Liverpool Velocipedes is the country's first cycling club

1867 World’s largest train station span was built at Lime Street station. It spanned 200 ft - 61 metres

1867 The One O'Clock Gun is fired for the first time

1868 Liverpool is the first borough to secure an Act of Parliament to establish a tram network

1869 St Martins Cottages, Silvester Street are the first municipal housing in Britain

1870 Liverpool Society of Chartered Accountants based at 24 North John street (now Old Hall Street) is the first in Britain

1875 The first British disarmament campaign held by the Liverpool Peace Society

1876 Britain's first gorilla arrives at Liverpool Docks

1876 The landing stage at the Pier Head is the largest floating structure in the world.

1877 The Walker Art Gallery is the first UK public art gallery

1879 World’s first mechanically propelled submarine, Resurgam, built at Birkenhead

1880 Queen Victoria grants Liverpool the right to call itself a city (11th may)

1880 The Rev. Canon J. C. Ryle, M.A., was consecrated the first Bishop of Liverpool, and his enthronement took place on July 1, the Church being designated the pro-Cathedral

1880 T.P. O’Connor elected as the first Irish Nationalist MP to represent an English constituency (Liverpool Exchange)

1880 Liverpool starts work on the largest artificial reservoir in Europe to supply Liverpool with water, at Vyrnwy in Wales.

1881 The University was established in 1881 as University College Liverpool

1881 S.S. Ceylon began her world-wide cruise, beginning in Liverpool

1883 The Liverpool Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children - forerunner of the NSPCC - is founded on April 19th by T.F. Agnew and Samuel Smith

1883 Northern Hospital has the first purpose-built ambulance

1886 The first major under-river tunnel is built under the Mersey

1886 The world's first cut into rock underground rail station at James Street.

1888 Everton FC are one of the founding clubs of the first football league competition

1889 Liverpool Gas Company installs the first pre-payment gas meters in Cazneau Street

1889 Liverpool's police force is the first to wear rubber-soled boots for night duty

1891 Everton FC are the Football League Champions

1891 John Brodie invents the goal net, which is first used by Everton FC

1892 Liverpool Football Club is formally established on 15 March 1892

1892 Liverpool University opens the first Marine Biological Station

1892 The world’s first purpose built football ground is opened at Goodison Park for Everton FC

1893 The world's first electric elevated urban railway, the Liverpool Overhead Railway

1893 The world's first automatic signalling used on the Overhead Railway

1893 The world's first all-electric colour light signalling used on the Overhead Railway

1893 League of Welldoers, based in Limekiln Lane, was founded by Lee Jones of Runcorn

1893 On August 3rd, Queen Victoria grants Liverpool the right to have a Lord Mayor

1894 First ever radio broadcast made by Oliver Lodge, Liverpool University professor of physics

1895 First British School of Architecture and Applied Art was inaugurated in Liverpool

1896 The x-ray is used in medical diagnosis for the first time at the Southern Hospital

1897 The Original Liverpool Tart recipe

1898 First city to employ a municipal bacteriologist

1898 School of Tropical Medicine is the first founded in the UK

1898 The Corporation acquired the area around St John's church and churchyard, demolished the church, converted the churchyard into a public garden under the title of St. John's Gardens, and threw it open to the public in the year 1904

1900 Liverpool’s population reaches 684,947

1901 The largest tobacco warehouse in the world built at Stanley Dock. It was built with 27 million bricks, has 36 acres of storage space and could hold 70,000 hogsheads of tobacco

1901 Liverpool runs the first anti-tuberculosis campaign in Britain

1901 Seaforth Sands on the Overhead Railway installs the first escalator in a railway station

1901 Patent for Meccano taken out by Liverpudlian Frank Hornby and manufactured in Liverpool

1901 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions

1902 The interconnected enclosed docks system is the largest in the world

1902 Ronald Ross, of The School of Tropical medicine is awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine for connecting the mosquito with malaria

1902 Hatton Garden fire station has its first motor fire engine

1903 Liverpool’s first regular tram service began between the Pier Head and St Helens

1904 The University of Liverpool founded the first School of Veterinary Science in the country

1904 Foundation stone of Liverpool’s Anglican Cathedral is laid

1905 The world's first pre-cast concrete building - Eldon Street apartments

1906 Everton FC wins the FA Cup for the 1st time. Everton 1-0 Newcastle United

1906 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 2nd time

1907 The Liver Buildings is the first large scale ferro-concrete building in the world

1907 The Liver Buildings is Europe's first skyscraper

1907 The Liver Buildings has the world’s largest clock-faces

1908 Boy Scouts: Birkenhead was the home of the first ever scouts group

1909 Eleanor Rathbone becomes the first woman councillor

1909 Woolworths opens its first British store on Church Street

1911 The Royal Liver Building Clock, the biggest in Britain, started at the moment of King George V’s Coronation, June 22nd

1912 First automatic telephone exchange is installed in Liverpool

1913 New York World carries the first 'word cross', or crossword, compiled by Liverpudlian Arthur Wynne

1913 Eleanor Rathbone founded the first Women's Association in Liverpool

1913 Liverpool-born John Archer is elected Britain's first black mayor, in Battersea

1913 In Liverpool, Britain’s first Flag Day was held in aid of the Council of Social Service

1915 Everton FC are the Football League Champions for the 2nd time

1919 Liverpool Police Force is the first, and only, police force to strike

1919 The first flat slab reinforced concrete building in the UK, was erected at Garston. The Bryant & May art-deco match factory

1919 The world's first Department of Oceanography opens at Liverpool University

1920 The world’s first all welded hulled ship, Fullagar, built by the Laird’s shipyard

1922 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 3rd time

1923 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 4th time

1924 Lister Drive power station has the first hyperbolic cooling tower

1925 Crosshall Street hosts the country's first Juvenile Court

1927 The Bluecoat is the first British Arts centre

1927 West Derby is the site of the first municipal Jewish cemetery

1927 Margaret Beavan became Liverpool’s first woman Lord Mayor

1928 William (Dixie) Dean of Everton FC, scores a record 60 goals in a season in the leagues top-flight division

1928 Everton FC are the Football League Champions for the 3rd time

1932 The first purpose-built boxing stadium was opened in Bixteth Street

1933 Dr R.J. Minnitt at Liverpool's Maternity Hospital uses gas and air in childbirth for the first time

1933 Foundation stone of Liverpool’s Roman Catholic Cathedral laid

1933 Liverpool Airport (now John Lennon Airport) opened at Speke

1933 Everton FC wins the FA Cup for the 2nd time. Everton 3-0 Manchester City

1934 Liverpool Police are the first force to use two-way radios

1934 Tatler, on Church Street, is first provincial news theatre

1934 Mersey road tunnel opens. At 2.3 miles (3.7 km) long, it is the longest subaqueous road tunnel in the world.

1934 - Everton FC are the Football League Champions for the 4th time

1935 Everton FC are the first football team to be televised live; vs. Arsenal

1936 The Liverpool Corporation Act is the first giving the council the right to buy, sell and develop land

1936 Speke sees the first purpose-built municipal industrial estate

1937 Liverpool's population reached 867,000

1939 Everton FC are the Football League Champions for the 5th time

1943 Richard Burton makes his theatrical debut at the Royal Court

1944 Chung Hua Chow Pao is Britain's first Chinese newspaper

1946 Liverpool FC's Jack Balmer becomes the first player to score three consecutive hat-tricks

1947 - Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 5th time

1947 The Port of Liverpool led Britain and the world in the use of radar technology to make navigation safer installing the first non-military onshore radar station in Britain

1948 The Mersey Ferries were the first to have a radar system for safe navigation in fog

1949 South Liverpool FC are the first club to permanently install and play under floodlights

1950 The first helicopter service flies from Liverpool to Cardiff

1950 HMS Ark Royal, the world’s first purpose built angled flight deck aircraft carrier, was built at Laird’s shipyard

1952 Hospital radio starts in Liverpool

1952 First package holiday flight departs from Liverpool airport

1952 The Albert Dock complex is listed as the largest collection of grade 1 listed buildings in the UK

1953 Liverpool's Lita Roza is the first woman to top the pop charts with 'How Much is that Doggy in the Window?'

1958 Everton FC are the first English football club to install undersoil pitch heating

1959 National Westminster opens the first drive-through bank in Princes Road

1959 Liverpool holds the UK's first mass x-ray campaign

1960 Martin's Bank Head Office in Liverpool is the first bank to use a computer

1960 The Beatles were formed in Liverpool

1961 St. George’s School Wallasey is the first successful 100% solar heated building in the UK. Also the most northerly substantial solar building

1962 The Mersey Docks and Harbour Company is the first port authority to use a computer

1962 The Beatles release their 1st single, Love Me Do

1962 The world’s first hovercraft service from Wallasey to North Wales

1963 The Beatles have their 1st No.1 charts single with Please Please Me

1963 The Beatles have their 1st No.1 charts album with the LP Please Please Me

1963 Everton FC are the Football League Champions for the 6th time

1964 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 6th time

1965 Liverpool FC wins the FA Cup for the 1st time. Liverpool 2-1 Leeds United

1966 Everton FC wins the FA Cup for the 3rd time. Everton 3-2 Sheffield Wednesday

1966 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 7th time

1967 Liverpool’s Roman Catholic Cathedral consecrated. It has the largest panel of stained glass in the world

1967 World's best selling poetry book published by Liverpool 8 Poets

1969 The Beatles are the only musicians to achieve five Diamond albums, signifying U.S. sales of 10 million copies or more

1970 Liverpool Museum opens the first public planetarium in the UK outside London

1970 Everton FC are the Football League Champions for the 7th time

1971 Knowsley Safari Park opens as the largest in Europe, with the largest herd of African elephants outside of Africa

1971 Kingsway, the second Mersey Tunnel was opened

1972 Seaforth Dock opened as the largest in the UK with the largest lock gates in the world

1972 A small section of the original 1936 Lime Street rail tunnel at Edge Hill station becomes the oldest used rail tunnel in the world, after the closure of the Crown Street Tunnel in Liverpool

1973 Liverpool FC wins the UEFA Cup for the 1st time

1973 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 8th time

1974 Liverpool FC wins the FA Cup for the 2nd time. Liverpool 3-0 Newcastle United

1976 Liverpool FC wins the UEFA Cup for the 2nd time

1976 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 9th time

1977 Liverpool FC wins the European Super Cup for the 1st time

1977 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 10th time

1978 Liverpool Anglican cathedral completed after 77 years of construction. Britain's largest, with the world's largest Gothic arches, organ and the highest and heaviest bells. Also the world’s longest nave and largest tower

1979 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 11th time

1980 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 12th time

1981 Liverpool FC wins the League Cup for the 1st time. Liverpool 2-1 West Ham (Replay)

1982 Liverpool FC wins the League Cup for the 2nd time. Liverpool 3-1 Tottenham

1982 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 13th time

1983 Liverpool FC wins the League Cup for the 3rd time. Liverpool 2-1 Manchester Utd

1983 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 14th time

1984 Liverpool FC becomes the first club to win three major trophies in one season. The League Championship (15), the League Cup and the European Cup.

1984 The first British International Garden Festival is held in Liverpool

1984 Everton FC wins the FA Cup for the 4th time. Everton 2-0 Watford

1985 Everton FC are the Football League Champions for the 8th time

1986 World’s longest mural at Alder Hey hospital

1986 Liverpool FC wins the FA Cup for the 3rd time. Liverpool 3-1 Everton

1986 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 16th time

1987 Everton FC are the Football League Champions for the 9th time

1988 Liverpool FC are the Football League Champions for the 17th time

1989 Liverpool FC wins the FA Cup for the 4th time. Liverpool 3-1 Everton

1990 The Roy Castle Foundation for Lung Cancer Research is the world's first dedicated cancer research centre.

1990 Liverpool FC achieves a record 18 league titles

1992 Liverpool FC wins the FA Cup for the 5th time. Liverpool 2-0 Sunderland

1995 Everton FC wins the FA Cup for the 5th time. Everton 1-0 Manchester United

1995 Liverpool FC wins the League Cup for the 5th time. Liverpool 2-1 Bolton

2001 Liverpool is named World Capital of Pop Music with 53 No. 1 chart hits since 1953.

2001 Liverpool FC wins the FA Cup for the 6th time. Liverpool 2-1 Arsenal

2001 Liverpool FC wins the League Cup for the 6th time. Liverpool 1-1 Birmingham (Pens 5-4)

2001 Liverpool FC wins the UEFA Cup for the 3rd time. Liverpool 5-4 Deportivo Alavés

2001 Liverpool FC wins the European Super Cup for the 2nd time. Liverpool 3-2 Bayern Munich

2003 Everton FC are the first English football club to play 100 seasons in the English top-flight division

2003 Liverpool FC wins the League Cup for the 7th time. Liverpool 2-0 Manchester Utd

2003 Liverpool JM university installs the world's largest fully robotic telescope in the Canary Islands

2003 Liverpool named Capital of Culture 2008

2004 St. Georges Hall was voted, by the European Architectural Commission, the finest public building constructed in Europe in the past 200 years

2004 Oldest timepiece maker in the world – Sewills. Established 1800.

2004 Liverpool named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO

2004 Liverpool was named IT and Telecommunications Capital of Europe by Foreign Direct Investment magazine

2005 Liverpool University discovered a new layer near the Earth's core

2005 Liverpool FC achieves a British record of 5 European Cup wins

2005 The Beatles are the only musicians to achieve six Diamond albums, signifying U.S. sales of 10 million copies or more

2005 Liverpool FC wins the European Super Cup for the 3rd time. Liverpool 3-1 (aet) CSKA Moscow

2006 World's first zoonosis research centre for animal borne diseases such as birdflue, opened in Liverpool

2006 The Beatles so far to date have achieved a record 20 US and 17 UK No 1 singles. They also hold the record for the most No 1 albums of all time, with 15 albums on the US Billboard. They have sold a record, of over a billion worldwide. And still counting

2007 World's first oscillating sculpture in Moorfields. A section of a building wall rotates in three dimensions

2007 Liverpool celebrates its 800th birthday

2008 Liverpool is European Capital of Culture

2008 Liverpool University unveils a unique Electron Microscope in Warrington

2012 Liverpool holds the Sea Odyssey Festival featuring giant marionettes with Titanic connections

2012 Liverpool FC wins the League Cup for the 8th time

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